Solar inter-network magnetic field, the weakest component of the solar magnetism, seems to be invariant at ~10 G from the minimum to the maximum phase of Cycle 24. This suggests a possible origin of small-scale, local dynamo.
HMI observations reveal a slow, north-south asymmetric polar magnetic field reversal. Cycle 24 has been weak; an even weaker Cycle 25 seems probable.
Our results show that raising the source surface height 15-30% during solar minimum (depending on the model used) better reproduces the observed IMF open flux from OMNI. We used two different PFSS models and the MDI/HMI magnetograms as input.
I investigate the possible long term decrease in umbral magnetic field strengths from 1998-2006. Whereas a decrease of 800 Gauss in umbral magnetic fields has been reported between 1998 and 2012, the HMI and MDI data indicate a decrease of only around 300 Gauss. The continuing availability of the excellent HMI data set will allow us to continue to refine this study as solar cycle 24 evolves.