Author Archives: admin

196. Observations of Rossby wave parameter variations during solar cycle 24

Contributed by Mattias Waidele. Posted on September 25, 2023

Equatorial Rossby waves are detected using the HMI’s time-distance subsurface flow fields. It is also found that the power of the Rossby waves show a positive correlation with the sunspot number, while the frequency of the waves shows an anti-correlation with the sunspot number.

195. Cross-Referenced NOAA Active Region List for Multi-Rotation Active Regions, 2011-2019 Now Available

Contributed by Emily Mason. Posted on September 22, 2023

It is well known that many active regions (ARs) last longer than one solar rotation, however, they are often assigned one NOAA AR number for each rotation. This work lists most, if not all, of the ARs that are a same AR but with different AR numbers.

194. Rossby waves and the organization of photospheric magnetic fields

Contributed by Breno Raphaldini. Posted on September 20, 2023

HMI magnetic field synoptic maps are used to evaluate the magnetic field structures’ organization and propagation as a function of time and latitude. It is demonstrated that the organization of longitudinal structures observed on synoptic maps is proportional to the level of activity at given latitudes.

192. Magnetic helicity and free magnetic energy as tools for probing eruptions in two differently evolving solar active regions

Contributed by Evangelia Liokati. Posted on July 29, 2023

An analysis of two active regions shows that differently evolving ARs may produce major eruptive flares even when, in addition to the accumulation of significant free magnetic energy budgets, they accumulate large amounts of both left- and right-handed helicity without a strong dominance of one handedness over the other.

189. Spatial Scales and Time Variation of Solar Subsurface Convection

Contributed by Alexander Getling. Posted on October 31, 2022

Spectral analysis of the spatial structure of solar subphotospheric convection is carried out for subsurface flow maps. It is found that the horizontal flow scales increase rapidly with depth, from supergranulation to giant-cell values. The total power of the convective flows is found to be anticorrelated with the sunspot number variation over the solar activity cycle in shallow subsurface layers and positively correlated at larger depths.

188. Constraining Global Solar Models through Helioseismic Analysis

Contributed by Andrey Stejko. Posted on October 28, 2022

Forward modeling is applied to numerous global hydrodynamic solar models, and helioseismic measurements on the meridional circulation are made using the forward modeling results. Comparison against the observational measurements shows significant differences, indicating our insufficient knowledge on either the global hydrodynamic modeling or the helioseismic inversions.

187. Precursor Identification for Strong Flares Based on Anomaly Detection Algorithm

Contributed by Jingjing Wang. Posted on October 21, 2022

Some magnetic features in active regions, related to strong solar flares, are considered as “anomaly” features in a machine learning algorithm. An unsupervised auto-encoder network has been trained to identify such anomalies and is used to predict occurrence of strong flares.