Author Archives: admin

184. Measuring the Compactness of Active Regions

Contributed by Kelvin Moresi. Posted on August 10, 2022

Compactness is one geometric property of a sunspot group that has not yet been systematically quantified. We calculate the compactness of a small sample of δ-spots and β-spots using a minimum bounding circle. On average, the δ-spots are found to be more than twice as compact as the β-spots.

183. Phase shifts measured in evanescent acoustic waves above the solar photosphere and their possible impacts on local helioseismology

Contributed by Junwei Zhao. Posted on July 31, 2022

Analysis on high-spectral resolution data shows that oscillations in the higher atmosphere lead those in the lower atmosphere by an order of 1 s when their frequencies are below about 3.0 mHz, and lags behind by about 1 s when their frequencies are above 3.0 mHz. These phase shifts in the evanescent waves pose great challenges to the interpretation of some local helioseismic measurements that involve data acquired at different atmospheric heights.

182. The magnetic topology of the inverse Evershed flow

Contributed by Avijeet Prasad. Posted on July 29, 2022

Inverse Evershed flow is derived from chromospheric observations. Coupling these flow with the non force-free model, the authors find that the flow is driven along magnetic field lines connecting network elements with the outer penumbra by a gas pressure difference.

176. On the Hemispheric Bias Seen in Vector Magnetic Field Data

Contributed by Yang Liu. Posted on March 22, 2022

The authors show that the new inversion code for the HMI’s vector field reduces the number of pixels that reverse signs after passing the central meridian. The analysis also reveals that the radial components of the HMI’s vector magnetic fields have a hemispheric bias, too.