Tag Archives: flux emergence

151. Hemispheric Sign Preference of Magnetic Helicity Flux in Solar Cycle 24

Contributed by Sung-Hong Park. Posted on January 26, 2021

To study the physical processes causing the hemispheric sign preference (HSP) of helicity in the Sun, the authors surveyed active regions (ARs) observed during Solar Cycle 24 to estimate their magnetic helicity flux, and studied the HSP dependences of the magnetic helicity flux with respect to various properties of ARs.

147. Recurring Homologous Solar Eruptions in NOAA AR 11429

Contributed by Suman Dhakal. Posted on October 14, 2020

Through studying three homologous eruptive events in an active region, the authors conclude that shearing motions and magnetic flux cancellation play a dominant role leading to the recurrent eruptions, and are key processes forming the eruptive structures.

136. The Trigger Mechanism of Recurrent Solar Active Region Jets Revealed by the Magnetic Properties of a Coronal Geyser Site

Contributed by Alin Paraschiv. Posted on February 27, 2020

This study explores the magnetic triggers of recurrent active region jets. Both widely debated triggers, namely, flux cancellation and flux emergence, are associated alternatively to the apparently homologous jets.

134. The First Numerical Modeling of Spontaneous Generation of δ-sunspots

Contributed by Shin Toriumi. Posted on December 17, 2019

In an MHD simulation of flux emergence, a δ-sunspot is formed spontaneously by a collision of areas with opposite polarities. Driven by convective flows and counter-streaming flows, sheared polarity inversion lines form and flux ropes are created above.

121. The Origin of Major Solar Activity: Collisional Shearing between Nonconjugated Polarities of Multiple Bipoles Emerging within Active Regions

Contributed by Georgios Chintzoglou. Posted on February 28, 2019

Magnetic flux of opposite polarities belonging to two different emerging/emerged bipoles inside multipolar magnetic regions, can experience “collisional shearing”, a process resulting in strong shearing and fast cancellation of magnetic flux near the polarity inversion line. This type of flux cancellation is found to be the cause of a succession of major flares and CMEs in complex active regions.

119. Roles of Photospheric Motions and Flux Emergence in the Major Solar Eruption on 2017 September 6

Contributed by Rui Wang. Posted on January 31, 2019

Both magnetic flux emergence and shearing flows occurred before the X9.3 flare on 2017 September 6. This analysis shows that shearing flows played a more significant role in leading to the helicity and electric currents buildup before the major eruption.

87. Magnetic Reconnection at the Earliest Stage of Solar Flux Emergence

Contributed by Hui Tian. Posted on March 1, 2018

The early phase of a flux emergence was observed by IRIS, and spectra of the accompanying UV bursts are analyzed. Many bursts appear to be associated with the magnetic flux cancellation, and almost all of them are located in regions with large squashing factors.

79. Homologous Circular-Ribbon Flares Driven by Twisted Flux Emergence

Contributed by Zhi Xu. Posted on December 18, 2017

Two homologous circular-ribbon flares associated with two filament eruptions were observed and analyzed. The emergence of magnetic flux ropes helped to inject free energy into the region and drive the magnetic reconnection above it.