Tag Archives: time-distance

183. Phase shifts measured in evanescent acoustic waves above the solar photosphere and their possible impacts on local helioseismology

Contributed by Junwei Zhao. Posted on July 31, 2022

Analysis on high-spectral resolution data shows that oscillations in the higher atmosphere lead those in the lower atmosphere by an order of 1 s when their frequencies are below about 3.0 mHz, and lags behind by about 1 s when their frequencies are above 3.0 mHz. These phase shifts in the evanescent waves pose great challenges to the interpretation of some local helioseismic measurements that involve data acquired at different atmospheric heights.

171. Flare-induced Sunquake Signatures in the Ultraviolet as Observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly

Contributed by Sean Quinn. Posted on November 23, 2021

Sunquakes are helioseismic waves excited by solar flares, usually observed in the photosphere. However, some of these events are found to have their counterparts in the chromosphere, as observed in the SDO/AIA UV channels.

166. One-Sided Arc Averaging Geometries in Time-Distance Local Helioseismology

Contributed by David Korda. Posted on October 25, 2021

Instead of the center-annulus measurement geometry that time-distance helioseismology typically uses, a new one-sided center-arc measurement scheme is developed. This method shows advantage in measuring subsurface flows in in a close neighborhood of magnetic regions.

153. Computing Helioseismic Sensitivity Kernels for the Sun’s Large-scale Internal Flows Using Global-scale Wave-propagation Simulations

Contributed by Junwei Zhao. Posted on March 28, 2021

A new method to derive the helioseismic sensitivity kernels for the Sun’s large-scale internal flows is developed. The new method is based on the idea of placing a small-volume flow perturbation inside the Sun’s model, simulating the wavefield in the photosphere, and then measuring the phase shifts caused by this internal perturbation.

122. Simultaneous Inversions for Vector Flows and Sound-Speed Perturbations

Contributed by Michal Švanda. Posted on March 6, 2019

To minimize cross-talk effect from vertical flows and sound-speed perturbations, a new inversion code is developed to invert for flows and sound-speed perturbations simultaneously from time-distance travel-time measurements. The code is validated using numerical simulation data.

98. Solar-Cycle Variations of Meridional Flows in the Solar Convection Zone with Helioseismic Methods

Contributed by Chia-Hsien Lin. Posted on May 18, 2018

Meridional flows during the solar minimum and maximum years are derived using 14 years of SOHO/MDI data. The flows changed significantly from the minimum to the maximum, and major changes were associated with the active latitudes.