The mean size of supergranulation has been found to vary over time with a period of 3-5 days. We have used full-disk Doppler images from the Helioseismic Magnetic Imager (HMI) to verify that these fluctuations are solar in origin.
Are all sunspots created equal or are some sunspots formed by a different mechanism than others? High quality observations from the Helioseismic Magnetic Imager (HMI) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) suggest bimodal distribution in properties of sunspots.
We present potential filed and nonlinear force-free magnetic field (NLFFF) extrapolations of full-disk magnetogram observed by SDO/HMI instrument. The study shows that NLFFF model agrees significantly better with coronal magnetic loops as observed in SDO/AIA images.