Category Archives: Helioseismology

98. Solar-Cycle Variations of Meridional Flows in the Solar Convection Zone with Helioseismic Methods

Contributed by Chia-Hsien Lin. Posted on May 18, 2018

Meridional flows during the solar minimum and maximum years are derived using 14 years of SOHO/MDI data. The flows changed significantly from the minimum to the maximum, and major changes were associated with the active latitudes.

91. On The Origin of the Double-Cell Meridional Circulation in the Solar Convection Zone

Contributed by Valery Pipin. Posted on March 19, 2018

It is demonstrated that when taking into account of the radial inhomogeneity of the Coriolis number, the solar-like differential rotation and the double-cell meridional circulation can both be reproduced by the mean-field model.

66. A Poynting-Robertson-Like Drag at the Sun’s Surface

Contributed by Jeff Kuhn. Posted on February 14, 2017

A new analysis using about 4 years of HMI 5-min solar p-mode limb oscillations as a rotation “tracer” finds a large velocity gradient at the top of the photosphere. It is suggested that the net effect of the photospheric angular momentum loss is similar to Poynting-Robertson “photon braking” on, for example, Sun-orbiting dust.

62. Tracing p-Mode Waves from the Photosphere to the Corona in Active Regions

Contributed by Junwei Zhao. Posted on October 30, 2016

Through analyzing a suite of space- and ground-based observations, the authors report that above sunspots, helioseismic waves of different frequencies are able to channel up through the chromosphere and transition region into corona. General pictures of how the waves make into corona are also shown.