Equatorial Rossby waves are detected using the HMI’s time-distance subsurface flow fields. It is also found that the power of the Rossby waves show a positive correlation with the sunspot number, while the frequency of the waves shows an anti-correlation with the sunspot number.
It is well known that many active regions (ARs) last longer than one solar rotation, however, they are often assigned one NOAA AR number for each rotation. This work lists most, if not all, of the ARs that are a same AR but with different AR numbers.
HMI magnetic field synoptic maps are used to evaluate the magnetic field structures’ organization and propagation as a function of time and latitude. It is demonstrated that the organization of longitudinal structures observed on synoptic maps is proportional to the level of activity at given latitudes.