What makes the limb flares detectable in visible lights, hydrogen recombination or Thomson scattering?
A statistical investigation of the background magnetic field decay index reveals interesting features of the critical height for the flux rope torus instability.
A realistic MHD simulation driven directly by SDO/HMI vector magnetograms reproduced a solar eruption in a non-potential flux-emerging active region.
The magnetic twist of a flux rope is carefully calculated for an active region model. The flux rope is close to the threshold of helical kink instability and has powered a series of eruptions.