Tag Archives: magnetic field

140. Solar Flare Predictive Features Derived from Polarity Inversion Line Masks in Active Regions Using an Unsupervised Machine Learning Algorithm

Contributed by Jingjing Wang. Posted on May 4, 2020

An unsupervised machine-learning algorithm is used on selected features derived from the polarity inversion lines (PIL) mask and difference PIL mask. It is found these features are effective in predicting flaring occurrences.

138. Electric Current Neutralization in Solar Active Regions and Its Relation to Eruptive Activity

Contributed by Ellis Avallone. Posted on March 11, 2020

Electric current neutralization, which measures the ratio of direct current and return current inside active regions (ARs), is studied for a total of 30 AR samples. It is found that flare-productive ARs are more likely to exhibit non-neutralized currents than those flare-quiet ARs.

135. Serial Flaring in an Active Region: Exploring Why Only One Flare is Eruptive

Contributed by Magnus Woods. Posted on February 26, 2020

Of three consecutive flares that occurred in a same active region within 4 hours, why were two non-eruptive and one eruptive? Non-linear force-free modeling suggest that breakout reconnection during the first two flares weakened the overlying field, allowing the flux rope to erupt in the third.

134. The First Numerical Modeling of Spontaneous Generation of δ-sunspots

Contributed by Shin Toriumi. Posted on December 17, 2019

In an MHD simulation of flux emergence, a δ-sunspot is formed spontaneously by a collision of areas with opposite polarities. Driven by convective flows and counter-streaming flows, sheared polarity inversion lines form and flux ropes are created above.

133. Hemispherical Asymmetry in the Solar Meridional Flow

Contributed by B. Lekshmi. Posted on October 28, 2019

Subsurface meridional flows from ring-diagram analysis showed a clear hemispheric asymmetry in last 18 years. Interestingly, this flow asymmetry leads the magnetic flux and sunspot number asymmetry by 3.1 – 3.6 years.