Category Archives: solar cycles

170. Solar Toroidal Field Evolution Spanning Four Sunspot Cycles Seen By WSO, SOHO/MDI, and SDO/HMI

Contributed by Allison L. Liu. Posted on November 19, 2021

The Sun’s toroidal field is derived using 45 years of Wilcox Solar Observatory data, 16 years of Michelson Doppler Imager data, and 11 years of Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager data. The duration of each cycle in both hemispheres is also estimated.

109. How Many Active Regions Are Necessary to Predict the Solar Dipole Moment?

Contributed by Tim Whitbread. Posted on September 10, 2018

To assess the impact of active regions to the axial dipole moment, the authors isolate the contribution of individual regions for Cycles 21, 22, and 23 using a surface flux transport model, and find that although the top ~10% of contributors tend to define sudden large variations in the dipole moment, the cumulative contribution of many weaker regions cannot be ignored.

91. On The Origin of the Double-Cell Meridional Circulation in the Solar Convection Zone

Contributed by Valery Pipin. Posted on March 19, 2018

It is demonstrated that when taking into account of the radial inhomogeneity of the Coriolis number, the solar-like differential rotation and the double-cell meridional circulation can both be reproduced by the mean-field model.

89. Information theoretic approach to discovering causalities in solar cycle

Contributed by Simon Wing. Posted on March 15, 2018

Various observable, such as polar field, meridional flow, and sunspot number, are examined to identify information flow, causality, and time delay between them during solar cycles. It is expected that this analysis can provide observational constraints on solar cycle models and theories.