Tag Archives: sunspots

62. Tracing p-Mode Waves from the Photosphere to the Corona in Active Regions

Contributed by Junwei Zhao. Posted on October 30, 2016

Through analyzing a suite of space- and ground-based observations, the authors report that above sunspots, helioseismic waves of different frequencies are able to channel up through the chromosphere and transition region into corona. General pictures of how the waves make into corona are also shown.

51. Magnetic Field Reconstruction Based on Sunspot Oscillations

Contributed by Johannes Löhner-Böttcher. Posted on April 25, 2016

We observed magnetoacoustic waves propagating along the magnetic field lines of a sunspot. Based on the wave periods and atmospheric characteristics, we reconstructed the magnetic field topology of the sunspot.

38. Subsurface Structure of Pores and Sunspots

Contributed by Robert Stein. Posted on May 12, 2015

Numerical simulation of sunspots indicate that different subsurface structures are possible. They may be deep coherent flux tubes or twisted spaghetti or shallow structures. It may well be that all the models proposed for sunspot structures are correct for some spot somewhere.

34. Bimodal Distribution of Magnetic Fields and Areas of Sunspots

Contributed by Andrey G. Tlatov and Alexei A. Pevtsov. Posted on January 27, 2015

Are all sunspots created equal or are some sunspots formed by a different mechanism than others? High quality observations from the Helioseismic Magnetic Imager (HMI) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) suggest bimodal distribution in properties of sunspots.

31. The Photospheric Size-Flux Distribution and its Relationship with the Small-Scale and Global Components of the Solar Dynamo

Contributed by Andrés Muñoz Jaramillo. Posted on October 31, 2014

Taking advantage of 11 different databases, we use statistical analysis to probe the nature of photospheric magnetic structures. We find evidence of two separate mechanisms at play, and propose that they are directly connected to the global and small-scale components of the solar dynamo.

11. The long-term trend in magnetic fields of sunspot umbrae

Contributed by Fraser Watson. Posted on April 25, 2014

I investigate the possible long term decrease in umbral magnetic field strengths from 1998-2006. Whereas a decrease of 800 Gauss in umbral magnetic fields has been reported between 1998 and 2012, the HMI and MDI data indicate a decrease of only around 300 Gauss. The continuing availability of the excellent HMI data set will allow us to continue to refine this study as solar cycle 24 evolves.