109. How Many Active Regions Are Necessary to Predict the Solar Dipole Moment?

Contributed by Tim Whitbread. Posted on September 10, 2018

To assess the impact of active regions to the axial dipole moment, the authors isolate the contribution of individual regions for Cycles 21, 22, and 23 using a surface flux transport model, and find that although the top ~10% of contributors tend to define sudden large variations in the dipole moment, the cumulative contribution of many weaker regions cannot be ignored.

107. Cyclic Variations of the Sun’s Seismic Radius

Contributed by Alexander Kosovichev. Posted on July 30, 2018

The Sun’s seismic radius, measured from the frequencies of f modes, is determined using both MDI and HMI data, covering a total of 21 years. It is found that the seismic radius is reduced by 1-2 km during the maxima, but the largest change of the radius happens at about 5 Mm beneath the surface.

105. Waves of Magnetic-field Variations Observed in a Flare-excited Sunquake Event

Contributed by Junwei Zhao. Posted on July 13, 2018

Waves of magnetic-field variations were observed associated with the sunquake waves that were excited by the X9.3 flare on 2017 September 6. The nature and cause of the magnetic waves are discussed after the phase relations and power distributions of the magnetic waves and Doppler-observed sunquake waves are investigated.