161. Changes in granulation scales over the solar cycle seen with SDO/HMI and Hinode/SOT

Contributed by J. Ballot. Posted on August 29, 2021

An analysis of granule sizes over a few years of HMI observations shows that, even in quite regions, the granular size shows an anti-correlation with the solar magnetic activity with a time delay of about 300 days. The granular size decreases by about 2% during the activity maximum relative to the minimum.

159. Magnetic Field Dependence of Bipolar Magnetic Region Tilts on the Sun: Indication of Tilt Quenching

Contributed by Bibhuti Kumar Jha. Posted on June 15, 2021

Magnetic-field dependence of active regions’ tilt angles are analyzed using the MDI and HMI observations for two solar cycles. The variation of the tilt angles with the maximum magnetic-field strength of the ARs indicates a nonlinear tilt quenching in the Babcock–Leighton process.

157. Forward Modeling Helioseismic Signatures of One- and Two-Cell Meridional Circulation

Contributed by Andrey M. Stejko. Posted on May 24, 2021

Helioseismic wavefields are simulated using different meridional-circulation models. Time-distance helioseismic measurements applied on the simulated data indicate that it may be difficult to distinguish between single- or double-cell meridional circulation profiles.

156. Fast and Accurate Emulation of the SDO/HMI Stokes Inversion with Uncertainty Quantification

Contributed by Richard Higgins. Posted on April 16, 2021

An emulation of the VFISV Stokes Inversion that trains a deep
network (U-Net) to map directly from IQUV polarized light to Milne-Eddington magnetic field parameters. The accuracy of this method suggests that it could serve as a warm-start for VFISV or as a pre-disambiguation stand-in.

155. Hydrodynamic Properties of the Sun’s Giant Polar Vortices

Contributed by David H. Hathaway. Posted on April 6, 2021

The giant cellular flows, obtained through tracking HMI-observed Dopplergrams, are used to estimate kinetic helicity and Reynolds stress inside the Sun, as well as differential rotation and poleward drift near the bottom of the convection zone.

153. Computing Helioseismic Sensitivity Kernels for the Sun’s Large-scale Internal Flows Using Global-scale Wave-propagation Simulations

Contributed by Junwei Zhao. Posted on March 28, 2021

A new method to derive the helioseismic sensitivity kernels for the Sun’s large-scale internal flows is developed. The new method is based on the idea of placing a small-volume flow perturbation inside the Sun’s model, simulating the wavefield in the photosphere, and then measuring the phase shifts caused by this internal perturbation.

152. Probing the Solar Meridional Circulation using Fourier Legendre Decomposition

Contributed by Doug Braun. Posted on March 16, 2021

Fourier Legendre decomposition is applied on HMI’s long-term Doppler-velocity observations to derive the Sun’s internal meridional circulation. In addition to the well-known center-to-limb effect, a non-axisymmetric component in the northern- and southern-hemisphere is identified as another systematic effect that complicates the derivation of the internal meridional circulation.